Family/career balance
Staying Competitive: Patching America's Leaky Pipeline in the Sciences
. This new report, based on extensive original research, considers the impact of children and family obligations on women's willingness to pursue faculty positions, and identifies both when and why women and men with caregiving plans or responsibilities drop or opt out of the academic science career path. The report is by Marc Goulden, Ph.D., Karie Frasch, Ph.D., and Mary Ann Mason, J.D., Ph.D., of the University of California, Berkeley, the Berkeley Center on Health, Economic, & FamilySecurity and The Center for American Progress. The URL leads you to a description and opportunity to download the full report and the executive summary. 

Gender and teaching 
Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap (pdf)
, by Scott Carrell, Marianne, Page, James West, working paper, the National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009. This study examines the effect that the gender of a professor has on female and male students, finding that a gender gap in course grades and STEM majors disappears when high perfomring female students introductory math and science classes are taught by women professors. In contrast, the gender of humanities professors had only minimal impacts. 

Biases in assessing letters, CVs and grant proposals: 
Exploring the color of glass: letters of recommendation for female and male medical faculty (pdf), by Frances Trix and Carolyn Psenka, 2003, Discourse & Society 13(2) 191-220 
The Impact of Gender on the Review of the Curricula Vitae of Job Applicants and Tenure Candidates: A National Empirical Study (pdf) by Rhea Seinpreis, Katie Anders and Dawn Ritzke, 1999, Sex Roles (41): 509-528 
Nepotism and Sexism in Peer-Review (pdf); Commentary by Christine Wenneras and Agnes Wold, Nature 387: May 22, 1997