Women in Biomedical Research: Best Practices for Sustaining Career Success (pdf 4.5 MB) report of an NIH conference March 4, 2008, highlightes best practices that are in place or under development at academic health centers, in the private sector and in the military. 

University of Michigan Best Practice Guides, developed through an NSF ADVANCE award, are templates for best practices at many other academic institutions.
Family Friendly Policies (pdf) 
Faculty Recruiting Handbook (pdf)
Faculty Recruitment and Retention (pdf)
Faculty Evaluation and Development (pdf)

Benefits and Challenges of Diversity (PDF) from "WISELI", the Women in Science& Engineering Leadership Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison discussesimplicit bias and research on diversity and its impact .