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500-level

BIL511 - Biometry (3 credits)
Descriptive and analytical statistics as used in biology. Emphasizes sampling, presentation of quantitative data, probability theory applications, distributions, parametric and non-parametric test procedures.
Prerequisite: One year of calculus and one semester of statistics

BIL520 - Evolution (3 credits)
Evolutionary mechanisms and pathways; sources of hereditary variation, evolutionary forces, origins of adaptations, speciation, macroevolution, origin of life and humankind.
Prerequisite: BIL 250

BIL521 - Systematics (3 credits)
Concepts and methods in phylogenetic systematids. Lectures, discussions, and computer labs.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

BIL526 - Studies in the Biology of Mycorrhizae (2 credits)
Readings, discussions and laboratory exercises concerning the biology of mutualistic root-inhabiting fungi and their plant hosts. Topics will vary by semester. Course may be repeated for credit in the biology major or minor.
Prerequisite: permission of instructor

BIL527 - Biology of Fungi (4 credits)
Physiology and ecology of the major groups of fungi, especially those of importance as pathogens or mutualists. Combined lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: one year of biology for majors with laboratory

BIL531 - Advanced Field Ecology (5 credits)
Principles of and practical experience in quantitative samping of community structure, plant and animal populations, and animal activites. Emphasis on individual projects. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory and field, 10 hours alternate Saturdays plus projects.
Prerequisite: BIL 235 or equivalent; one course in statistics (BIL 511 recommended)

BIL535 - Molecular Ecology (3 credits)
Molecular markers and analyses, and their applications to different problems in biology. Appropriate sampling, methods for assessing genetic diversity and differentiation. Approaches ot studying gene flow, tools for behavioral ecology, remote sampling, tracking individuals, and paternity analysis, hybridizaiton and speciation, DNA barcodes, and gene expression from a population biological perspective.
Prerequisite: BIL 250

BIL536 - Molecular Ecology Laboratory (1 credits)
Laboratory techniques, molecular tools, applicaitons, and analysis methods commonly used by researchers in the areas of molecular ecology and population genetics.
Pre- or corequisite: BIL 535

BIL537 - Ecosystem Ecology (3 credits)
Concepts and models of energy and nutrient flow, food webs, successional processes, human influences and effects of spatial heterogeneity.
Prerequisite: BIL 235 or permission of instructor

BIL539 - Wildlife Resource Philosophy and Policy (3 credits)
Attitudes, philosophy, and policies that govern management of wildlife resources worldwide. Methods to influence public support for implementation of sound wildlife resource management. Prerequisite: BIL 332

BIL540 - Ethology and Behavioral Ecology (3 credits)
Evolutionary and comparative approach to concepts in animal behavior, emphasizing function and mechanism. Topics include genetics of behavior, orientation, foraging, communication, and social behavior.
Prerequisite: BIL 235 and either BIL 241 or 341 OR permission of instructor

BIL541 - Laboratory and Field Ethology (3 credits)
Laboratory and field exercises introduce the quantitative techniques currently employed in ethological research. Both principles and practice will be covered and a term project is required.
Prerequisite: BIL 236

BIL548 - Bioinformatics Algorithms (3 credits)
The complexity of bioinformatics computations. Introduction to perl and bioperl. Pattern matching and sequence homology, genome assembly, transcription factor, binding site recognition and motif finding. Gene prediction, phylogeny, microarray analysis, RNA folding. Gene design and synthesis.
Prerequisite: [CSC120 OR CSC210] and [BIL150 or BIL104 or BIL352 or BIL552]

BIL550 - Cell Metabolism: Structure and Function (3 credits)
Interactions of cell organelles within the dynamic context of intracellular microarchitecture, enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics.
Prerequisite: BIL 255

BIL552 - Bioinformatics Tools (3 credits)
Databases and tools of bioinformatics as relevant to research in genomics and molecular biology. Bioinformatics applications, information retrieval, analytical tools, BLAST searches, promoter analysis, protein structure-function analysis and various applications.
Prerequisite: BIL 250

BIL554 - Electron Microscopy (4 credits)
Techniques in transmission electron microscopy including tissue preparation, use of the electron microscope, photography, and interpretation of micrographs. Lecture 1 hour; laboratory 6 hours.
Prerequisite: BIL 255 and permission of instructor

BIL555 - Projects in Electron Microscopy (2 credits)
Individual research projects in transmission electron microscopy. Six hours per week.
Prerequisite: BIL 554

BIL556 - Ecological and Evolutionary Genomics (3 credits)
Genomics from an ecological and evolutionary perspective.
Prerequisite: BIL 250, BIL 255, or permission of instructor

BIL564 - Advanced Developmental Biology (3 credits)
Comprehensive survey of the principles of development and methods of experimental analysis. Lecture, discussion and demonstration, 3 hours
Prerequisite: BIL 355

BIL565 Evolution and Development  (3 credits)
Evolution and Development, or 'Evo-Devo' is a relatively new field of scientific inquiry that encompasses a wide range of interdisciplinary approaches.  A major theme of Evo-Devo studies is the exploration of the relationship between common descent and biological diversity, principally changes in organismal development through time. 
Prerequisite: BIL250

BIL568 - Evolution and Development of Nervous Systems (3 credits)
Mechanisms/pathways/modules underlying formation of the nervous system during development. How some properties of nervous systems have resisted change while others have diverged dramatically during evolution.
Prerequisite: BIL 268 or BIL 355 or permission of instructor

BIL569 - Biology of Aging (3 credits)
The hypotheses and data relating to the biological basis of aging in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans.
Prerequisite: BIL 250

BIL571 - 575 - Advanced Special Studies in Biology (1-6 credits)
Congtent of course will vary by semester, and will be indicated by subtitle in the course schedule.
Prerequisite: will vary with topic and be noted in the "Course Notes" link on MyUM.

BIL582 - Borderless Science (3 credits)
Students from various scientific disciplines will be introduced to new technologies and resources from wide-ranging fields of science and learn to apply them in their own fields. Students will engage in mutual exchange of discipline-specific practices and novel ideas for research in biology, neuroscience, psychology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, engineering, etc.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor